is 500-year-old town standing still in time. The rulers here built
beautiful forts that echo of opulence and images of monsoon clouds in
this dry land. The wealth of its architectural heritage lies in its
forts, palaces and temples magnificent creations in red and yellow
sandstone, are living.
Here is a temple where rats are held
sacred. Today the city is known for flourishing industries of food, wool
and camel breeding. The genesis of Bikaner dates back to 1488A.D, when a
Rathore prince, Rao Bikaji, son of Rao Jodhaji of Jodhpur, chose a
barren wilderness called Jangladesh and transformed it to a
charming city called Bikaner, after the founders name.
Not only do the traditions come alive here in colourful bazaars and
Havelis, but Bikaner is also famous for the best riding camels in the
Ever since the foundation of Bikaner till its accession
into Indian Union in 1947 A.D. and there after it's integration in
Rajasthan state in 30-3-1949 A.D., Bikaner has played a notable role in
the history of the country. Bikaner state has produced several able
Generals and warriors and distinguished Rulers and just to name of few
Raja Rai Singh Ji-One of Akbar's most distinguished Generals. Another
famous name is Raja Anup Singh who ascended the throne in AD 1669 a
scholar and warrior. His period has been described as "the golden
time of Bikaner valor and fame".Places to see
The fascinating piece of architecture was
built between 1588 -1593 AD by Raja Rai Singh (1571 - 1611 AD) , a
general in army of Mughal emperor, Akbar. The imposing fort has 986
long wall with 37 bastions and two entrances. The Suraj Pole (Sun
Gate) is main entrance to the fort. The palaces within the fort are
on the southern side and make a picturesque ensemble of courtyards,
balconies, kiosks and windows.
The architectural masterpiece in red
sandstone, built by Maharaja Ganga Singh (1881 AD-1942 AD) in memory
of his father Maharaja Lall Singh between 1902 -1926.This
magnificent palace is an example of pure Rajput martial
architecture. Designed by Sir Swinton Jacob, this palace has
grand halls, lounges, cupolas and pavilions. The exotic palace has
magnificent pillars, richly carved fire mantles , Italian colonnades
and motif of lotus in full bloom , adding to the magic of this.
- Gajner Palace, Bikaner
Gajner Palace -a summer resort
of Bikaner Maharajas -has often been described as ' an incomparable
jewel in the Thar desert'. Built by Maharaja Ganga Singh ji of
Bikaner, palace stands on the embankment of a lake .The palace was
used by Maharaja for grand shoots and lavish entertainment. Royalty,
both Indian as well as international, Viceroys and other dignitaries
have been entertained at this grand palace.
- Ganga Golden Jubilee Museum, Bikaner
offers a collection of royal costumes, weapons, ornaments, ancient
statues and exquisite paintings, one of which depicts the signing of
the Versatile Treaty by Ganga Singh. In addition to this, it also
has collection of terracotta from the Gupta period.
Bikaner is a nice place to shop.
Bikaner, known in the world for it's "BHUJIA & PAPADS",
spicy snacks made from fried gram and pulses and also for "RASGULLAS"
(a dessert). It has also attained popularity for items stitched out of
camel hide which includes belts, wallets, bags, and Jutties (footwear)
etc. Government Khadi Emporium at Mahatma Gandhi Road for local
blankets, rugs, carpets, wood carvings and lacquer work. Bikaner is a
famous centre for embroidery and appliqué work, painted pottery,
carpet weaving and delicately carved wooden doors. Bikaner is also
famous for a variety of snacks, especially the Bikaneri bhujia.How
Bikaner is well connected to the nearby towns and
cities of importance. Nearest Airport is Jodhpur 240 kms. The
airport is easily accessible by road.
Bikaner is on the metre gauge network of the
western Railways. It has convenient connections from Delhi and
Jodhpur. Air-conditioned coaches are attached to Delhi trains
Bikaner is well connected by road to the rest of
the country. The National Highway No 8 connects Agra to Bikaner via
Jaipur while National Highway No 11 runs from Pathankot to Kandla
port, via Amritsar and Bhatinda. Regular bus service operates
between Bikaner and major cities like Jaipur, Kota, Udaipur,
Jaisalmer, Jodhpur and Ajmer. Rajasthan Roadways run daily deluxe
coaches between Jaipur and Bikaner.